As it is written: "See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes men to stumble and a rock that makes them fall, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame." Romans 9:33
There is a day coming when men of great stature and men of low estate will call out to the mountains and the rocks to cover them. Their goal is to seek refuge, to hide from God and the wrath of the Lamb.
The arrogance of man will be brought low and the pride of men humbled; the Lord alone will be exalted in that day, Isaiah 2:17
On that day the tables will be turned for during their lifetime, men did not seek refuge in the rock that could save them from the coming wrath of God. During the kingdom age men sought the Lord and took refuge in him because he was an unchangeable rock and that rock was Jesus Christ. It is an experience that men and women remember and sung songs to remember when they sought refuge in him. The lyrics that most people remember contain the words; “Rock of Ages, cleft for me, let me hide myself in thee.”
Following the deliverance of Israel from Egypt and during the time in the wilderness Israel became inpatient with the Lord, not once but several times. They set their hearts on evil things and indulged in pagan revelry and some perished for it. They quarreled with God and Moses over water in the desert where there was no water. Moses prayed on behalf of Israel and the Lord said to Moses.
Take the staff, and you and your brother Aaron gather the assembly together. Speak to that rock before their eyes and it will pour out its water. You will bring water out of the rock for the community so they and their livestock can drink." Numbers 20:8
Moses did as God commanded and assembled the camp around a Rock and spoke to Israel saying. "Listen, you rebels, must we bring you water out of this rock?"
Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank. Numbers 20:11
Paul reflected its importance when he wrote.
and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 1 Corinthians 10:4
The rock was symbolic of God and Jesus Christ as their presence was with the Israelites while traveling towards the promise land. The same is true today as God and the Lord Jesus Christ dwells in our spirit as we travel this sod towards the promise land.
Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." John 7:38
whoever drinks the water I give him will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life. John 4:1
Jesus said that our spiritual lives are built upon a rock and in a parable he explains his reasoning. He said
Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. Matthew 7:24
Jesus explained that every man’s house was at the mercy of its environment for the rain was driven by the wind and the waters from the rain began to rise. These conditions caused the house built on sand to fall, but the house built on the rock of Jesus Christ remained standing because the foundation was on a solid rock.
Rocks are generally considered stable because the nature of the Rocks remains structurally the same over extended periods of time. In the same way, God is immutable which means he is not subject to change.
Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows. James 1:17 - "I the Lord do not change. So you, O descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed. Malachi 3:6 - Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. Hebrews 13:8
God has an unchanging nature so we may take hold of the hope offered to us through his promises and we can anchor our souls in Jesus Christ.
Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath. God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope offered to us may be greatly encouraged. We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain, where Jesus, who went before us, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek. Hebrews 6:17-20
A wise man builds his house on the rock making Jesus Christ the cornerstone of our life.
In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit. Ephesians 2:21-22
Our commitment to God is solidified in Jesus Christ. With one promise after another our life in Jesus Christ becomes as solid as a rock a place of refuge and rest.
And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession — to the praise of his glory. Ephesians 1:13-14
However there is another kind of stone for those who choose not to believe the gospel and think of the gospel as foolishness.
"See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes men to stumble and a rock that makes them fall, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame." Romans 9:33
For the most part a rock speaks of stability and an unchanging character of God, yet God is just and fair to everyone. However God is going to rock men’s life in the near future.
"Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens." Hebrews 12:26
Like a sieve, God will sift mankind to separate the good from the bad. He will put the good in his barn but the bad will be thrown into the fire.